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《吉林省气象设施和气象探测环境保护条例》中英文对照

发布时间: 2017-10-24 09:41:07   作者:本站编辑   来源:本站原创

 

吉林省气象设施和气象探测环境保护条例

 

(2015年11月20吉林省第十二届人民代表大会常务委员会第二十一次会议通过)

 

 

  第一条 为了保护气象设施和气象探测环境,确保气象探测信息的代表性、准确性、连续性和可比较性,为防灾减灾、应对气候变化提供科学依据,根据《中华人民共和国气象法》、国务院《气象设施和气象探测环境保护条例》等有关法律、法规,结合本省实际,制定本条例。 

  第二条 本条例适用于本省行政区域内气象设施和气象探测环境的保护。  

本条例所称气象设施,是指气象探测设施、气象信息专用传输设施和大型气象专用技术装备等。

本条例所称气象探测环境,是指为避开各种干扰,保证气象探测设施准确获得气象探测信息所必需的最小距离构成的环境空间。  

  第三条 气象设施和气象探测环境保护实行分类保护、分级管理的原则。 

  第四条 县级以上人民政府应当加强对本行政区域内气象设施和气象探测环境保护工作的组织领导,负责气象设施和气象探测环境保护工作的统筹协调,并将气象设施和气象探测环境保护工作所需经费纳入本级财政预算。 

  第五条 县级以上气象主管机构在上级气象主管机构和本级人民政府的领导下,负责本行政区域内气象设施和气象探测环境保护的具体工作。 

  设有气象台站的其他有关部门,应当做好本部门气象设施和气象探测环境的保护工作,并接受同级气象主管机构的指导、监督和行业管理。 

  发展改革、工业和信息化、国土资源、环境保护、建设规划等有关部门应当按照职责分工,做好气象设施和气象探测环境保护的有关工作。 

  第六条 各级人民政府及其有关部门应当加强对气象设施和气象探测环境保护的宣传教育,逐步提高全社会对气象设施和气象探测环境保护的意识。 

  第七条 县级以上人民政府应当根据国务院气象主管机构规定的气象探测环境保护范围的划定标准,划定本行政区域内气象探测环境保护范围,并向社会公布。 

  第八条 县级以上气象主管机构应当制定本行政区域内气象探测环境的具体保护标准。 

  气象探测环境的具体保护标准应当符合强制性国家标准和国务院气象主管机构规定的保护标准,具体保护标准中建筑物、构筑物的控制指标应当纳入城市(镇)控制性详细规划。 

  第九条 县级以上气象主管机构应当会同城乡规划、国土资源等部门制定气象设施和气象探测环境保护专项规划,报本级人民政府批准后依法纳入城乡规划。 

  城乡规划调整涉及气象设施和气象探测环境保护专项规划的,有关主管部门应当征求气象主管机构的意见。 

  第十条 县级以上气象主管机构应当将本行政区域内气象探测环境的保护范围、保护标准、气象台站的类别、地理位置、探测任务和项目、探测设施、观测场平面规划图报告本级政府和上一级气象主管机构,并抄送同级发展改革、工业和信息化、国土资源、环境保护、建设规划等部门。 

  气象探测环境的保护范围、保护标准等发生变化的,县级以上气象主管机构应当及时报告本级政府和上一级气象主管机构,并抄送前款所列有关部门。 

  第十一条 气象设施是基础性公共服务设施。县级以上人民政府应当按照气象设施建设规划的要求,合理安排气象设施建设用地,保障气象设施建设顺利进行。 

  县级以上气象主管机构应当按照相关质量标准和技术要求配备气象设施,设置必要的保护装置,建立安全管理制度,并在气象设施和气象探测环境保护区的显著位置设立保护标志,标明保护要求。 

  第十二条 单独设立的无人值守的气象设施,由设立该气象设施的气象主管机构委托当地人民政府、社会团体、企事业单位、街道办事处、村(居)民委员会或者个人负责保护,并签订委托管理协议,明确各自的权利和义务。 

  第十三条 下列气象设施和气象探测环境应当依法予以保护: 

  (一)国家基准气候站、国家基本气象站、国家一般气象站、区域气象观测站、太阳辐射观测站、农业气象观测站、生态气象观测站的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (二)高空气象探测站(包括风廓线仪、声雷达、激光雷达等)、天气雷达站的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (三)气象卫星地面接收站(含静止气象卫星地面接收站、极轨气象卫星地面接收站)、卫星测控站、卫星测距站、遥感卫星辐射校正场的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (四)大气本底站、酸雨监测站、沙尘暴监测站、大气成分观测站等环境气象监测站的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (五)雷电监测站、全球定位系统气象观测站的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (六)自动土壤水分观测站、地下水位观测站、土壤墒情监测站、农田小气候观测站、森林防火自动监测站、交通气象观测站的气象设施和气象探测环境; 

  (七)气象专用频道、频率、线路、网络及其设施; 

  (八)其他需要保护的气象设施和气象探测环境。 

  第十四条 禁止实施下列危害气象设施的行为

  (一)侵占、损毁或者擅自移动气象设施; 

  (二)侵占气象设施用地; 

  (三)损毁或者擅自移动气象设施保护标志; 

  (四)危及气象设施安全的爆破、钻探、采石、挖砂、取土、焚烧等行为;  

  (五)干扰、挤占依法设立的气象无线电台(站)、频率; 

  (六)设置影响大型气象专用技术装备使用功能的干扰源; 

  (七)法律、行政法规规定的其他危害气象设施的行为。 

第十五条 禁止实施下列危害国家基准气候站、国家基本气象站探测环境的行为:   

(一)在国家基准气候站观测场周边2000探测环境保护范围内或者国家基本气象站观测场周边1000探测环境保护范围内修建高度超过距观测场距离1/10的建筑物和构筑物、种植高度超过距观测场距离1/10的树木、作物等; 

(二)在观测场1000范围内实施爆破、钻探、采石、挖砂、取土等危及地面气象观测场安全的活动;  

(三)在观测场周边500范围内设置垃圾场、排污口等干扰源; 

(四)在观测场周边200范围内修建铁路;

(五)在观测场周边100范围内修建人工建造的水体;  

(六)在观测场周边50范围内修建公路、种植高度超过1的树木和作物、修建高度超过1的建筑物和构筑物等; 

  (七)有日照或者太阳辐射观测的国家基准气候站和国家基本气象站在日出方向和日落方向内(此范围不受保护范围限制),建筑物、构筑物、树木、作物等障碍物遮挡仰角大于5度。 

第十六条 禁止实施下列危害国家一般气象站探测环境的行为:

(一)    在观测场1000范围内实施爆破、钻探、采石、挖砂、取土等危及地面气象观测场安全的活动;

 (二)在观测场周边800探测环境保护范围内修建高度超过距观测场距离1/8的建筑物和构筑物、种植高度超过距观测场距离1/8的树木、作物等; 

()在观测场周边200范围内设置垃圾场、排污口等干扰源;

(四)在观测场周边100范围内修建铁路; 

(五)在观测场周边50范围内修建人工建造的水体;

(六)在观测场周边30范围内修建公路、种植高度超过1的树木和作物、修建高度超过1的建筑物和构筑物等; 

  (七)有日照或者太阳辐射观测的国家一般气象站在日出方向和日落方向内(此范围不受保护范围限制),建筑物、构筑物、树木、作物等障碍物遮挡仰角大于7度。 

  第十七条 禁止实施下列危害高空气象观测站探测环境的行为: 

  (一)在距放球点50范围内,设置阻挡气象气球升空或者可能影响准确获取观测资料的障碍物; 

  (二)民用建筑物、构筑物和铁路、道路与制氢室、储(用)氢室的防火间距小于25,重要建筑物、构筑物和火源与制氢室、储(用)氢室的防火间距小于50 

  (三)架空电力线与制氢室、储(用)氢室的防火间距小于1.5倍电杆高度; 

  (四)使用卫星导航系统的高空气象观测站,其地面接收设备周围100范围内,设置对电磁波反射强烈的物体和修建水库; 

  (五)采用定向天线探测系统(雷达、无线电经纬仪)的高空气象观测站高空盛行风下风方向正负60度方位范围内的障碍物对探测系统的天线形成的遮挡仰角大于2度,四周障碍物对探测系统天线形成的遮挡仰角大于5度; 

  (六)使用卫星导航系统的高空气象观测站,其四周的障碍物对卫星导航系统接收天线形成的遮挡仰角大于10度; 

  (七)高空气象观测站四周电磁干扰源的防护不符合《对空情报雷达站电磁环境防护要求》(GB 13618-1992)的相关规定。 

  第十八条 禁止实施下列危害天气雷达站探测环境的行为: 

  (一)障碍物对天气雷达造成的回波强度损失大于1分贝; 

  (二)不可避免的有源干扰造成的雷达接收机灵敏度损失大于1分贝; 

  (三)天气雷达站周边,其他电子设备在雷达工作频点及所占频谱范围内的干扰电压的容限值超过国家规定标准; 

  (四)天气雷达站与典型的干扰源的最小防护间距大于国家规定的标准; 

  (五)一级保护区内,存在对天气雷达探测造成遮挡的障碍物; 

  (六)二级保护区内,周边所有障碍物的总遮挡方位角大于5度,障碍物的海拔高度、遮挡仰角、遮挡方位角、方位宽度不符合国家规定的标准。  

  第十九条 区域气象观测站、太阳辐射观测站、农业气象观测站、生态气象观测站、气象卫星地面接收站、大气本底站、酸雨监测站、沙尘暴监测站、大气成分观测站、雷电监测站、全球定位系统气象观测站、自动土壤水分观测站、交通气象观测站等气象探测设施探测环境的保护,应当严格执行国家规定的标准。 

  第二十条 气象设施因不可抗力遭受破坏时,当地人民政府应当采取紧急措施,组织力量修复,确保气象设施正常运行。 

  对不符合气象探测环境保护要求的建筑物、构筑物、树木、干扰源等,县级以上气象主管机构应当根据实际情况,商有关部门提出治理方案,报请本级人民政府批准并组织实施。 

  第二十一条 在气象探测环境保护范围内新建、扩建、改建建设工程,应当避免危害气象探测环境;确实无法避免的,建设单位应当事先向省气象主管机构书面报告,并提出相应的补救措施,经省气象主管机构书面同意。建设单位未落实补救措施或者未经省气象主管机构书面同意的,有关部门不得批准其开工建设。 

  省气象主管机构应当自受理之日起二十日内依法作出决定。作出批准决定的,应当告知建设单位需要采取的相应措施;作出不予批准决定的,应当说明理由。 

  在单独设立的气象探测设施的探测环境保护范围内新建、扩建、改建建设工程的,建设单位应当事先报告当地气象主管机构,并按照要求采取必要的工程、技术措施,避免危害气象探测环境。 

  第二十二条 气象台站站址应当保持长期稳定,任何单位或者个人不得擅自迁移气象台站。 

  因实施城市(镇)总体规划或者国家重点工程建设,确需迁移气象台站的,建设单位或者当地人民政府应当向省气象主管机构提出迁移气象台站的申请,由省气象主管机构组织专家对拟迁移新站址的科学性、合理性进行评估。拟迁移新站址应当具备下列条件: 

  (一)能够代表所在区域的天气气候特征,并符合国家气象观测站网布局; 

  (二)气象探测环境符合国家规定的技术标准; 

  (三)国家基准气候站站址应至少保持50年稳定不变,国家基本气象站和国家一般气象站站址应至少保持30年稳定不变; 

  (四)取得拟迁移新站址的建设用地,占地面积满足台站整体布局需求; 

  (五)落实迁建气象台站所需费用; 

  (六)具备必要的供电、供水、交通、通信等基础条件; 

  (七)法律、行政法规规定的其他条件。 

  需要迁移国家基准气候站、国家基本气象站的,由省气象主管机构初审后,报送国务院气象主管机构审批;需要迁移其他气象台站的,由省气象主管机构审批,并报送国务院气象主管机构备案。 

  迁移气象台站须在拟迁移新站址纳入城市(镇)控制性详细规划后,按照先建站后迁移的原则进行迁移。 

  第二十三条 经国务院气象主管机构或者省气象主管机构批准迁移的气象台站,应当按照国务院气象主管机构的规定,在新、旧站址之间进行至少一年的对比观测,对比观测的开始时间为11 

  新站址经批准和决定迁移的气象主管机构验收合格,正式投入使用前,旧站址气象设施和气象探测环境依法受到保护,任何单位和个人不得对其影响、破坏或者改变其用途。旧站址的观测记录必须持续到1231,新站址启用时间为11 

  第二十四条 因工程建设或者气象探测环境治理需要迁移单独设立的气象探测设施的,应当经设立该气象探测设施的单位同意,并按照国务院气象主管机构规定的技术标准进行复建。 

  第二十五条 县级以上气象主管机构应当完善气象设施和气象探测环境保护网络平台建设,加强对气象设施和气象探测环境保护的日常巡查和监督检查。县级以上气象主管机构可以采取下列措施: 

(一)   要求被检查单位或者个人提供有关文件、证照、资料;

(二)   要求被检查单位或者个人就有关问题作出说明;

  (三)进入现场调查、取证。 

  在监督检查中发现应当由其他部门查处的违法行为,应当通报有关部门进行查处。有关部门未及时查处的,县级以上气象主管机构可以直接通报、报告有关地方人民政府责成有关部门进行查处。 

  第二十六条 县级以上气象主管机构应当建立破坏气象设施和气象探测环境的举报制度,公开举报电话。气象主管机构收到举报后,应当依法进行处理。 

  第二十七条 县级以上气象主管机构以及发展改革、工业和信息化、国土资源、环境保护、建设规划等有关部门及其工作人员违反本条例规定,有下列行为之一的,由本级人民政府或者上级机关责令改正,通报批评;对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依法给予处分;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任: 

  (一)擅自迁移气象台站的; 

  (二)擅自批准在气象探测环境保护范围内新建、改建、扩建建设工程危害气象探测环境以及设置垃圾场、排污口、无线电台(站)等干扰源的; 

  (三)有其他滥用职权、玩忽职守、徇私舞弊等不履行气象设施和气象探测环境保护职责行为的。 

  第二十八条 违反本条例第十四条规定,危害气象设施的,由气象主管机构责令停止违法行为,限期恢复原状或者采取其他补救措施;逾期拒不恢复原状或者采取其他补救措施的,由气象主管机构依法申请人民法院强制执行,对违法单位处1万元以上3万元以下罚款,对违法个人处100元以上500元以下罚款;情节严重的,对违法单位处3万元以上4万元以下罚款,对违法个人处500元以上800元以下罚款;情节特别严重的,对违法单位处4万元以上5万元以下罚款,对违法个人处800元以上1000元以下罚款;造成损害的,依法承担赔偿责任;构成违反治安管理行为的,由公安机关依法给予治安管理处罚;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。 

  第二十九条 违反本条例第十五条、第十六条、第十七条、第十八条、第十九条规定,危害气象探测环境的,由气象主管机构责令停止违法行为,限期拆除或者恢复原状,情节严重的,对违法单位处2万元以上3万元以下罚款,对违法个人处200元以上2000元以下罚款;情节特别严重的,对违法单位处3万元以上5万元以下罚款,对违法个人处2000元以上5000元以下罚款;逾期拒不拆除或者恢复原状的,由气象主管机构依法申请人民法院强制执行;造成损害的,依法承担赔偿责任。 

  第三十条  在气象探测环境保护范围内,违法批准占用土地的,或者非法占用土地新建建筑物或者其他设施的,依照城乡规划、土地管理等相关法律法规的规定予以处罚。 

  第三十一条 挤占、干扰依法设立的气象无线电台(站)、频率的,依照无线电管理相关法律法规的规定予以处罚。 

  第三十二条 本条例自201611日起施行。 

    

    

    

    

    

 

 

 

Regulations of Jilin Province on the Protection of Meteorological Facilities and Meteorological Observation Environment

 

 

(Adopted at the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 12th People’s Congress of Jilin Province on November 20, 2015)

 

 

Article 1 These Regulations are formulated for the purposes of protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, guaranteeing the representativeness, accuracy, continuity and comparability of meteorological observation information, and providing scientific basis for disaster prevention and mitigation and for coping with climate changes in accordance with the Meteorology Law of the People's Republic of China, the Regulation on the Protection of Meteorological Facilities and Meteorological Observation Environment issued by the State Council, the relevant laws and regulations, and in the light of specific situations of this Province.

Article 2 These Regulations shall be applicable for protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment in administrative region of the Province.

The “meteorological facilities” in these Regulations means meteorological observation facilities, specialized meteorological information transmission facilities and specialized large meteorological technical equipment.

The “meteorological observation environment” in these Regulations means the minimum surrounding space away from any interference, a space that is essential for ensuring the acquisition of accurate meteorological observation information by means of meteorological observation facilities.

Article 3 The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment shall be protected under the principles of classified protection and graded administration.

Article 4 The local people's governments at the county level and upwards shall strengthen the organization, leadership to, overall planning and coordination of protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, and include the funds required for the protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment in the fiscal budget.

Article 5 The local meteorological administration at the county level and upwards shall, under the leadership of the meteorological administration at the higher level and the people's government at the same level, be responsible for the protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment within its administrative region.

Other relevant departments, which have meteorological stations, shall effectively carry out their respective work of protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, and accept the guidance, supervision and administration of the meteorological administration at the same level.

The departments of development and reform, land and resources, industry and information technology, land and resources, environmental protection, construction planning and other departments shall, based on their respective duties, be responsible for the work regarding the protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment.

Article 6 The people’s governments at all levels and relevant departments shall strengthen the propaganda and education on protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, so as to gradually raise the awareness of the society for protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment.

Article 7 The people’s governments at the county level and upwards shall, in accordance with the standards for designating scope of meteorological observation environment protection as stipulated by the meteorological administration of the State Council, designate scope of meteorological observation environment protection in their administrative regions, and publicize to the society. 

Article 8 The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall formulate specific standards for protecting meteorological observation environment in corresponding administrative region.

The specific standards for protecting meteorological observation environment shall comply with mandatory national standards and the protection standards formulated by meteorological administration of the State Council. The control targets for buildings and structures in specific protection standards shall be incorporated into the urban (town) control detailed planning.

Article 9 The local meteorological administration at each level shall, jointly with the departments of urban and rural planning, land and resources, and other departments, formulate the special plan for the protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, report it to the people's government at the same level for approval, and then include the plan in urban and rural planning in accordance with law.

Where urban and rural planning adjustment involves in specific planning of protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, relevant administrations shall ask comments from the meteorological administration.

 Article 10 The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall report the protection scope and standards of meteorological observation environment, type, geographic location, observation tasks and projects, observation facilities of climate station, and layout of observation site to the people’s government at corresponding level and the meteorological administration at a higher level, and copy to the development and reform, industry and information technology, land and resource, environmental protection, construction planning and relevant departments at the same level.

Where the protection scope or standards of meteorological observation environment change, meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall report to the people’s government at corresponding level and the meteorological administration at a higher level, and copy to the departments as described above.

Article 11 The meteorological facilities are basic public service facilities. Local people's governments at the county level and upwards shall, based on the requirements of the planning for the construction of meteorological facilities, reasonably arrange the land used for the construction of meteorological facilities, and guarantee the smooth construction of meteorological facilities.

The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall, in accordance with relevant quality standards and technical requirements, equip meteorological facilities, set necessary protection equipment, establish sound safety management rules, and set up protection marks in eye-catching places near the protection area of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, which indicate the protection requirements.

Article 12 The unattended meteorological facilities that are set up separately shall be protected by local people’s government, social organizations, enterprises and public institutions, street offices, villagers (residents) committee or individuals as entrusted by the meteorological administration which sets up the facility. They shall sign an agreement of entrusted management to define rights and obligations.

Article 13 The following meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment shall be protected in accordance with law:

(1) The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of national reference climate stations, national basic meteorological stations, national general meteorological stations, regional meteorological observation stations, solar radiation observation stations, agricultural meteorological observation stations, and ecological meteorological observation stations;  

(2) The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of upper-air meteorological stations (including wind profiler, acoustic radar, lidar, etc.) and weather radar stations;

(3)The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of meteorological satellite ground stations (including geostationary meteorological satellite ground station, polar orbit meteorological satellite ground station), satellite monitoring stations, satellite laser ranging stations, and remote sensing satellite radiometric calibration field;

(4) The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of atmospheric background stations, acid rain monitoring stations, dust storm monitoring stations, atmospheric composition observation stations and other environmental meteorological observation stations;

(5) The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of lightning monitoring stations and GPS meteorological observation stations;

(6) The meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment of automatic soil moisture observation stations, underground water level observation stations, soil moisture monitoring stations, farmland micro climate observation stations, forest fire automatic monitoring stations, and traffic weather stations; 

(7) The weather channel, frequency, line, network and facilities; and

(8) Other meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment which need to be protected.

Article 14 The following conduct that damages meteorological facilities shall be prohibited:

(1)To seize or damage meteorological facilities, move meteorological facilities without approval;

(2) To seize land used for meteorological facilities

(3) To damage or move meteorological facilities protection marks without approval;

(4) To conduct explosion, drilling, quarrying, sand or soil excavation, burning or any other activities that endanger the safety of meteorological facilities;

(5) To interfere with or usurp the meteorological radio station or frequency set up in accordance with law;

(6) To set interference sources affecting the use of specialized large meteorological technical equipment; and

(7) Any other conduct damaging meteorological facilities as prescribed by laws and administrative regulations.

Article 15 The following conduct that damages the observation environment of national reference climate stations and national basic meteorological stations shall be prohibited:

(1) To construct buildings or structures higher than buildings or structures, or plant trees and crops higher than trees and crops, which are 1/10 away from observation fields within the scope of observation environment protection, 2,000 meters around the observation fields of national reference climate stations, or within the scope of observation environment protection, 1,000 meters around the observation fields of national basic meteorological stations;

(2) To conduct explosion, drilling, quarrying, sand or soil excavation, or any other activities that endanger the safety of meteorological facilities within 1,000 meters around observation fields; 

(3) To set garbage dumps, pollutant discharge outlets or other interference sources within 500 meters around observation fields;

(4) To build railways within 200 meters around observation fields; 

(5) To dig ponds within 100 meters around observation fields; and  

(6) To build the highways, plant trees or crops higher than 1 meter, or construct buildings and structures higher than 1 meter within 50 meters around observation fields.

(7) The building, structure, tree, crops or other barriers has a covering elevation above 5 degree in the direction of sunrise and sunset (not restricted by the protection scope) of national reference climate stations and national basic meteorological stations observing sunshine or solar radiation. 

Article 16 The following behaviors that damages the observation environment of national general meteorological stations shall be prohibited:

(1) To conduct explosion, drilling, quarrying, sand or soil excavation, or any other activities that endanger the safety of meteorological facilities within 1,000 meters around observation fields;

(2) To plant trees and crops higher than the trees and crops, or construct buildings or structures higher than buildings or structures, which are 1/8 away from observation fields within the scope of observation environment protection, 800 meters around observation fields;

(3) To set garbage dumps, pollutant discharge outlets or other interference sources within 200 meters around observation fields;

(4)To build railways within 100 meters around observation fields;

(5) To dig ponds within 50 meters around observation fields;

(6) To build highways, plant trees or crops higher than 1 meter, or construct buildings and structures higher than 1 meter within 30 meters around observation fields; and

(7) The building, structure, tree, crops or other barriers has a covering elevation above 7 degree in the direction of sunrise and sunset (not restricted by the protection scope) of national general meteorological stations observing sunshine or solar radiation.

  Article 17 The following behaviors that damages the observation environment of upper-air meteorological stations shall be prohibited:

(1) To set up barriers that might stop the weather balloon launching or affect the accuracy of observation within 50m around the balloon point;

(2) The civil buildings, structures, railways and roads have a separation distance less than 25m from the hydrogen preparation room or hydrogen storage (consuming) room, important buildings, structures and fire source have a separation distance less than 50m from the hydrogen preparation room or hydrogen storage (consuming) room;

(3) To overhead power lines have a separation distance less than 1.5 times pole height from the hydrogen preparation room or hydrogen storage (consuming) room;

(4) To set up objects with strong electromagnetic wave reflection or construct reservoir within 100m around the ground receiving equipment of upper-air meteorological station using satellite navigation system; 

(5) The barrier has a covering elevation above 2 degree in the scope of positive/negative 60 degree in prevailing downwind direction, or surrounding barrier has a covering elevation above 5 degree on the antenna of detecting system in upper-air meteorological station using directional antenna detection system (radar, radio theodolite);

(6) The surrounding barrier has a covering elevation above 10 degree on the receiving antenna of satellite navigation system in upper-air meteorological station using satellite navigation system; and

(7) The protection of upper-air meteorological station against surrounding electromagnetic interference source does not conform to relevant provisions of  Requirements of Electromagnetic Environment Protection for Air Defense Surveillance Radar Station (GB 13618-1992).

Article 18 The following conduct that damages the observation environment of weather radar stations shall be prohibited:

(1) The return loss of weather radar caused by barriers exceeds 1dB;

(2) The sensitivity loss of radar receiver caused by inevitable active jamming exceeds 1dB;

(3) The tolerance of interference voltage of other electronic devices within the working frequency of radar and the scope of frequency spectrum exceeds the national standard surrounding weather radar stations;

(4) The minimum protection distance between weather radar station and typical interference source exceeds the national standards;

(5) The barriers that interrupting the detection of weather radar exist in Grade I protection zone; 

(6) The total covering azimuthal angle of all surrounding barriers in Grade II protection zone exceeds 5 degree, or the altitude, covering elevation, covering azimuthal angle, azimuth width of barriers fail to satisfy the national standards.

Article 19 The meteorological observation environment of regional meteorological observation stations, solar radiation observation stations, agricultural meteorological observation stations, ecological meteorological observation stations, meteorological satellite ground stations, atmospheric background stations, acid rain monitoring stations, sandstorm monitoring stations, atmospheric composition observation stations, thunder and lightning monitoring station, GPS meteorological stations, automatic soil moisture observation stations, traffic meteorological observation stations, and etc., shall be protected in strict accordance with the standards prescribed by the State.

Article 20 Where meteorological facilities are damaged due to Force Majeure, local people’s government shall carry out emergency measures and organize the force to repair, guaranteeing the normal operation of meteorological facilities.

As for the buildings, structures and interference sources which fail to satisfy the requirements for the protection of meteorological observation environment, the local meteorological administration at each level shall, in consideration of the actual circumstances, consult with relevant departments to put forward the treatment plan, report the plan to the people's government at the same level for approval and organize the implementation of the plan.  

Article 21 The new construction, reconstruction or expanded construction of projects within the scope of meteorological observation environment protection shall not damage the meteorological observation environment; and if the damage is unavoidable, the construction entity shall report to the meteorological administration of the Province in the written form, put forward corresponding remedial measures and obtain the written approval of the meteorological administration of the Province. Relevant department shall not approve construction where the written approval of the provincial meteorological administration is not obtained or remedial measures are not implemented.

The meteorological administration of the Province shall make decision within 20 days since the acceptance. As for the decision of approval, the construction entity shall be informed about corresponding measures to be taken; and for decision of disapproval, reasons shall be explained.

To conduct the new construction, reconstruction or expanded construction of projects within the scope of observation environment protection in meteorological observation facilities that are separately set up, the construction entity shall report to the local meteorological administration in advance, and take necessary engineering and technical measures as required to avoid damaging meteorological observation environment.

Article 22 The sites of meteorological stations shall be stable for a long term, and no entity or individual shall relocate any meteorological station without approval.

Where it is indeed necessary to relocate a meteorological station due to the construction of a national key project or the change of overall urban (town) planning, the construction entity or the local people's government shall file an application with the meteorological administration of the province, and the latter shall organize experts to evaluate the scientificity and reasonableness of the new site. The proposed new site for meteorological station shall meet the following conditions:  

(1) Representing weather and climate characteristics of the region, and conforming to the layout of national meteorological observation stations network; 

(2) The meteorological observation environment complies with technical standard as stipulated by the State;

(3) The sites of national reference climate stations shall be stable and unchanged for at least 50 years, and of national basic and general meteorological stations shall be stable and unchanged for at least 30 years; 

(4) The land has been obtained for construction of proposed new station, with the occupying area satisfying requirements of overall layout;

(5) The expenses for relocating meteorological stations are ready;

(6) The necessary power and water supplies, traffic, communication and other basic conditions are ready; and

(7) Other conditions as stipulated by laws and regulations.

As for the application for the relocation of a national basic meteorological station or national reference climate stations, the meteorological administration of the province that accepts the application shall sign the opinions and report to the meteorological administration of the State Council for examination and approval; and the application for relocating any other meteorological station shall be subject to the examination and approval of the meteorological administration of the province and be filed with the meteorological administration of the State Council.

As for relocating a meteorological station shall be implemented in the principle of construction before relocating after the proposed site of new station is incorporated into the urban (town) control detailed planning.

Article 23 To relocate a meteorological station as approved by the meteorological administration of the State Council or the Province, comparative observation between the new site and the old site shall be conducted for at least 1 year in accordance with the provisions of the meteorological administration of the State Council. The comparative observation shall begin on January 1 every year.

The new meteorological station shall pass the check of the meteorological administration that approves and decides the relocation. The old site for meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment shall be protected in accordance with law, and anyone shall not influence, damage or change its use purpose before the new meteorological station is officially put into use. The observation records of old site must be kept until December 31, and the new site shall put into use since January 1.  

Article 24 Where it is necessary to relocate the meteorological observation facilities that are separately set up for the purpose of project construction or the treatment of meteorological observation environment, the approval of the entity that has set up such meteorological observation facilities shall be obtained, and such facilities shall be rebuilt in accordance with the technical requirements prescribed by the meteorological administration of the State Council.

Article 25 The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall improve the construction of network platform for protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment, strengthen the routine patrol check, supervision and inspection of the protection of meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment. The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards may take the following measures:

(1) To require the entity or individual under the inspection to provide the relevant documents, certificates, licenses and materials;

(2)To require the entity or individual under inspection to make an explanation on relevant issues; and

(3)To enter the site to investigate and take evidences.

Where any illegal conduct that shall be investigated by any other department is found in supervision and inspection, the relevant department shall be notified to investigate and deal with the conduct. Where the relevant department fails to investigate and deal with the conduct in a timely manner, the meteorological administration at the county level and upwards may directly make an announcement or report to the relevant local people's government asking the latter to order the relevant department to investigate and deal with the conduct.

Article 26 The meteorological administrations at the county level and upwards shall establish the reporting system and publicize reporting hotline for acts of damaging meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment. Upon the receipt of reporting, the meteorological administrations shall deal with the acts in accordance with law.

Article 27 Where the meteorological administration at the county level and upwards, the department of development and reform, industry and information technology, land and resources, environmental protection, construction planning and other relevant departments, or any of its personnel commits any of the following conduct in violation of the Regulations, the people's government at this level or the superior authority of the administration or department shall instruct the violator to make corrections, and circulate a notice of criticism on the violator; the person directly in charge and other directly liable persons shall be subject to disciplinary actions in accordance with law; and where a crime is constituted, the violator shall be investigated for the criminal liabilities in accordance with law: 

(1)To relocate a meteorological station without approval;

(2)To illegally approve the new construction, reconstruction or expanded construction of a project, or setting up of garbage dump, pollutant discharge outlet, radio station or any other interference source, within the scope of protection of meteorological observation environment, which damages meteorological observation environment; and

(3)To abuse powers, neglect duties, make falsification, practice favoritism, or otherwise fail to perform the duties of protecting meteorological facilities and meteorological observation environment.

Article 28 Where anyone damages the meteorological facilities in violation of Article 14 of these Regulations, the meteorological administration shall instruct the violator to cease the illegal conduct and make restoration to the original state or take other remedial measures within the prescribed time limit; if the violator refuses to make restoration to the original state or take other remedial measures within the prescribed time limit, the meteorological administration shall, in accordance with law, apply to the people's court for enforcement and impose a fine of RMB10,000 to 30,000 on the entity that violates the law, and impose a fine of RMB 100 to 500 on the individual that violates the law; where the circumstances are serious, a fine of not less than RMB30,000 to 40,000 shall be imposed on the entity that violates the law, and a fine of RMB500 to 800 on the individual that violates the law; if the circumstances are particularly serious, a fine of RMB40,000 to 50,000 shall be imposed on the entity that violates the law, and a fine of RMB800 to 1,000 on the individual that violates the law; if any damage is caused, the violator shall assume liability for compensation in accordance with law; as for those in violation of public security administration is constituted, the violator shall be given a public security administration punishment by the public security organ in accordance with law; where a crime is constituted, the violator shall be investigated for the criminal liability in accordance with law.

Article 29 Where anyone damages the meteorological observation environment in violation of Article 15, Article 16, Article 17, Article 18 and Article 19 of these Regulations , the meteorological administration shall instruct the violator to cease the illegal conduct, instruct  dismantling or restoration to the original state within the prescribed time limit, and where the circumstances are serious, shall be imposed a fine of RMB20,000 to 30,000 on the entity that violates the law, and impose a fine of RMB200 to 2,000 on the individual that violates the law; where the circumstances are particularly serious, they shall be imposed a fine of RMB30,000 to  50,000 on the entity that violates the law, and impose a fine of RMB 2,000 to 5,000 on the individual that violates the law; if the violator refuses to dismantle or restore to the original state within the prescribed time limit, the meteorological administration shall, in accordance with law, apply to the people's court for enforcement; and if any damage is caused, the violator shall assume the liability for compensation in accordance with law.

Article 30 Anyone that approves land occupation in violation of law, or illegally occupies land to build new construction or other facilities within the scope of protection of the meteorological observation environment shall be punished in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations on urban and rural planning and land management.

Article 31 Anyone that usurps or interferes with the meteorological radio station or frequency set up pursuant to law shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and regulations on radio management.

Article 32 These Regulations shall become into effective as of the date of January 1, 2016.